The majority of the world’s population is using plastic in some form every day, but it is not the most commonly used plastic in our lives. These plastics are divided into very small particles over time, called “micro plastics”. These micro plastics are extremely harmful to the environment and are more abundant in nutrients, especially seafood.
What are Micro Plastics?
Micro-plastics are actually tiny particles of plastic, which are becoming part of the environment. The diameter of these particles is less than 102 (5 mm). These plastic particles are granular in toothpaste and other products. Large pieces of plastic break down into extremely fine particles.
These particles are not visible to the human eye, however they can be easily seen from the microscope. The micro-plastics join the oceans, rivers, rivers and soil and reach the animal’s stomachs through food. Research on the presence of micro-plastics in the international oceans began in the 1970s. According to researchers, they were found in large quantities near the Mediterranean coast.
Nowadays, the use of plastics has increased tremendously in the world, which is why the presence of plastics in oceans, rivers, rivers and lakes is in danger. An estimated 88 million tons (8 million metric tons) of plastic and waste are being added to the international oceans each year.
Micro-plastics in the diet
Plastic particles have become involved in everything in our environment, and the nutrients we eat are not immune to them.
A new study reviewed marine salt varieties, and found that 273 particles of plastic were found per pound of salt, namely 600 particles in one kilogram of salt, while 300 kg of plastic particles per pound were found in different types of honey. 660 particles – Seafood is the largest source of plastic particles in food items. The amount of plastic particles is increasing in the sea, which is mainly due to pollution.
That is why, when eating fish, these plastic particles are also eaten while eating their food. Many types of fish mistakenly eat plastic particles as their diet, which causes hazardous chemicals to accumulate in their liver.
Disadvantages of Micro Plastics
All investigations have proven that plastic particles are involved in nutrients and are extremely dangerous to health.
A special type of chemical is used to make plastic soft and flexible, which enhances breast cancer-causing cells. Researchers examined the effects of micro plastics on mice in an experiment, and found that after eating, plastic particles accumulated in the rat’s liver, kidneys, and intestines, causing free radicals in their bodies. ) Was observed and was found to cause imbalances in their ability to neutralize.
Additionally, an increase in the level of molecules considered to be harmful to the brain was also noted. According to the experience mentioned, plastic particles also affect the blood and other organs of the intestines.
Plastic particles in the body
Plastic particles are found in marine creatures as well as in the human body. In one experiment, 87% of volunteers had plastic particles in their liver. Researchers said that this could also be due to the extremely fine particles of plastic found in the air. They can produce inflammatory chemicals in lung cells. Many chemicals are involved in the manufacture of plastics, most of which have been researched on a substance called “biphenyl A” (BPA).
These chemicals are used to preserve items packaged in plastic or canned foods in the cold box, from which they may be added. There has been some evidence that this substance can affect the reproductive glands, especially in women.
In this regard, relevant organizations should play their role and influential people should also make efforts. We have to throw away plastic bags and all kinds of plastic items from our lives, thereby impacting the environment and survival of all of us.